The name “sapphire” can also apply to any corundum that’s not ruby red, another corundum variety.
Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the gem of the 5th and 45th anniversaries.
Besides blue sapphire and ruby, the corundum family also includes so-called “fancy sapphires.” They come in violet, green, yellow, orange, pink, purple, and intermediate hues. Some stones exhibit the phenomenon known as color change, most often going from blue in daylight or fluorescent lighting to purple under incandescent light. Sapphires can even be gray, black, or brown.
WHY WE LOVE THIS GEMSTONE
Intensely saturated and velvety, rare sapphires from Kashmir set the standard for blue.
The world’s most famous engagement ring: Kate Middleton’s and Princess Diana’s sapphire.
A rare and valuable pinkish-orange sapphire named from the Sinhalese for lotus blossom.
VIVID AND SATURATED
Sapphire’s blue can be vivid and saturated, like it’s lit from within.
It’s so durable, synthetic sapphire is used for the windows of supermarket scanners and spacecraft.
Sapphire often contains delicate intersecting needles of rutile that gemologists call silk.
Each color of sapphire has its own quality variations.